The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis or gum disease) is a common inflammatory condition that attacks the gums and bone that support the teeth.
Periodontal disease is most often preceded by gingivitis, which is a bacterial infection of the gum tissue. When the gums become irritated by the toxins contained in plaque, a chronic inflammatory response causes the body to break down and destroy its own bone and soft tissue. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition that, if left untreated, can cause shifting teeth, loose teeth, and eventually tooth loss.
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