Treatment for Periodontal Disease
There are many surgical and nonsurgical treatments which may be recommended, depending upon the exact condition of the teeth, gums and jawbone. A complete periodontal exam of the mouth will be done before any treatment is performed or recommended.
Some of the more common treatments for periodontal disease include:
- Scaling and root planing – The bacteria which initially caused the infection must be removed by cleaning the gum pockets around the teeth. A prescription mouthwash may also be incorporated into daily cleaning routines.
- Tissue regeneration – When the bone and gum tissues have been destroyed, regrowth may be possible using various grafting procedures. A membrane and/or graft material may be inserted into the affected areas to assist with regeneration.
- Pocket reduction surgery – Pocket reduction (flap) surgery is a surgical treatment which can be performed to reduce the pocket depth between the teeth and gums. Surgery on the jawbone may be recommended to reduce or eliminate indentations in the bone which foster bacterial colonization.